Soyabean meal is used by Broilers, Layers and Turkeys; Swine, Ruminants, Beef Cattle, Dairy and Sheep and also finds its way into a large variety of uses (Pet Foods, Aquaculture, Minor Feed Uses, Food and Industrial uses).
The combination of competitive price and nutrient characteristics favor its use by Swine and Poultry. The highly digestible protein in Soyabean meal provides high levels of available amino acids that can complement amino acids in cereal grain for least-cost rations for Swine and Poultry. Efficient Swine and Poultry rations are dependent on Soyabean Meal and cereal grain. In ruminant rations also Soyabean Meal is competitive with other protein ingredients.
Soya bean meal is ideal for Poultry Feed; it dominates the market for protein supplements for poultry because of its consistency in nutrient content, its ready availability year-round, and its high content of crude protein. Poultry producers desire high-energy diets and no other common plant protein feedstuff exceeds Soyabean Meal in Crude Protein content. Soyabean Meal is the only common protein supplement that is included in poultry rations with no limitation as to the quantity used, as it is properly toasted to denature the trypsin inhibitors, and hence there are no anti nutritive factors to consider when formulating diets. When blended with corn or grain sorghum, Soyabean meal provides a good balance of all the essential amino acids needed by poultry, while methionine is economically provided by supplements produced by the chemical industry, allowing simple Corn-Soyabean Meal diets to effectively meet the amino acid requirements of the chick. The poultry industry, including broilers, turkeys and laying hens, is the major user of Soyabean meal. Broilers have a high demand for crude protein and amino acids and thus need a protein source high in amino acids. With the probable decline in the use of animal by products, even more Soyabean meal will be used.
Soyabean meal is also a preferred source of protein in Swine diets. Corn-Soyabean Meal based diets provide an adequate balance of amino acids these can be fortified with supplemental minerals and vitamins. There are other ingredients of animal origin that have a higher protein content than soyabean meal but they also have other ingredients that limit their use in swine diets. It is also a rich source of lysine; hence the pig’s lysine requirement is met without feeding excessive amount of non-essential nitrogen. This also enables it to be a good complement to cereal grains commonly fed to swine. As a percentage of total proteins, cereal grains are relatively high in sulfur amino acids therefore Soyabean Meal is an excellent choice as a protein supplement for crude grain-based diets. Soyabean meal is replacing Fish Meal in Aquaculture feeds due to price, consistent availability and its nutritional properties.
The protein in Soyabean meal is of high quality when evaluated in complete and balanced diets fed to dogs and cats along with other protein sources or supplemental amino acids to achieve proper amino acid balance.